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Meet the Notothenioid Fish:
Antarctic Icefish Uses
Antifreeze in Blood to Survive

By Shauna Bennett
March 25, 2015, 4:23 p.m.

Near Antarctica, the seawaters are congested with ice. And so are the local fish, as they live out their lives with ice crystals flowing through their bloodstream. How do they live with ice in their veins? As it turns out, they make their own antifreeze – in the form of specialized proteins found in their blood. These antifreeze proteins prevent excessive ice build-up, but research has found that they come with a cost. ...


Predatory Deception:
Bioluminescence, Camouflage Lure Prey to Dinner

By Amber Friend
March 24, 2015, 9:01 a.m.

Underwater predators use many tricky methods to lure potential prey close enough to attack and eat them. Two of the most common predatory adaptations for aquatic animals are physical alterations to their body to either disguise their appearance (camouflage) and/or the ability to make parts of their body glow in the dark (bioluminescence). Both of these tricks have multiple purposes. Camouflage helps potential prey hide from predators just as much as it helps predators blend into the background, waiting for prey to swim or float by. ...

viper fish

Bull Shark (carcharhinus leucas)
Is The Real Bad Boy of The Ocean

By Earl Filskov
March 16, 2015; 6:57 p.m.

There are currently 368 known species of sharks in the work. Only 20 out of the 368 are dangerous to humans. Of those 20, four are said to be responsible for 70-80 attacks on people every year. The great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) and the orca or killer whales (Orcinus orca) are considered to be the apex predators of the sea. This is due to their machine-like hunting and killing abilities in their domain. The great white shark however, may be getting a bad rap as the number one man-eater in the sea. ...

bull shark

Is It Sea Star? Or Starfish?
Or 'Asteriod'?

By Angelica Romero Blancas
March 14, 2015, 8:57 a.m.

What lies in the ocean can be as much of a mystery as what exists in outer space. As we look yonder into the heavens we see the stars shining gloriously. On this planet, we have creatures that take their name after these heavenly bodies; we call their class "asteroidea" meaning "star like." Commonly known as sea stars or starfish these creatures are an amazing testament of the resilience of sea water animals and an overall example of the different life forms and lifestyles that exist underwater. ...


Endangered Vaquita Population
Less than 100, How You Can Help Today

By Amber Friend
March 13, 2015, 9:17 a.m.

History is not something that we just read about in books; it's happening around us everyday especially when discussing the extinction of animals species. Dinosaurs, of course, are some of the most famous extinct animals. But many smaller animals have become recently extinct, including the dodo bird, stellar's sea cow and sea mink. The history-making extinction of aquatic animals is not just a thing of the past, unfortunately, with many species who have lived for billions of years disappearing before our eyes. The vaquita is a prime example. With a worldwide population estimated at less than 100 ...


Rise In Humboldt Squid Sightings
May Be Sign of Global Warming

By Earl Filskov
March 8, 2015, 7:07 p.m.

Approximately 100 miles off the coast of Mexico in the Humboldt Current, fisherman hope to catch the Diablo Rojo (Spanish for ‘Red Devil’), or more commonly known as the Humboldt squid. A delicacy throughout Europe, Russia, China, South East Asia and gaining popularity in the United States, it is easiest to catch at night when it comes closer to the surface. What they don’t expect to see occurs quickly and viciously. The Humboldt squid on the hook begins to react defensively, changing colors and moving in a manner that ...


When is a Squid NOT a Squid?
When it's a vampire!

By Earl Filskov
March 5, 2015, 12:25 p.m.

Menacingly, it slowly moves through the darkness of the ocean, at depths of more than 3000 feet, in temperatures that are a numbing 36 degrees Fahrenheit. Vampyroteuthis infernalis, the Vampire Squid (literal translation: “Vampire Squid from Hell”), has been around for 300 million years and yet little is known about this amazing creature of the deep. The oldest known cephalopod on the planet, the vampire squid is believed to be the living link between members of the octopods (octopus) and decapods (squids, cuttlefishes, etc.) ...



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